Assessment of Nose Allergy (Allergic Rhinitis)

Most of us would have experienced it before. While spring cleaning our house, changing the bed sheets, or sweeping the floor, we get caught in a frenzied episode of sneezing, tearing in the eyes and blocked nose.
Many patients mistaken these symptoms are known as “sinus”. Actually, this condition is known as Allergic Rhinitis. Sinus refers to the air filled spaces in our facial bones which are lined by skin which secretes. Mucus will flow out of the sinus through narrow drainage pathways and into the nose.

Signs & Symptoms
• Runny Nose, Sneezing and Itchy nose, Nose Block
• Intermittent or persistent problem

Children sometimes present different symptoms.
• It could be mouth breathe, tossing and around while sleeping (restless sleep), nose bleeds, blocked noise, runny nose.
• During the growing up years, long term mouth breathing could interfere with normal facial growth, affecting the upper airway passage which increases the risk of obstructive sleep apnea and lead to an increased risk of heart problems in later years

For allergies to be appropriately treated and controlled, it is important that the specific allergen(s) causing the allergic symptoms be identified. The first step is a detailed history and physical examination to confirm the symptoms of allergy. The methods of determining the incriminated allergen include using blood tests. Nasal endoscopy may sometimes be performed to exclude other nasal conditions.

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